Friday, September 28, 2012

Análisis del iPhone 5

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The definitive guide to the taller, thinner, faster, lighter and brighter Apple iPhone 5

Tomorrow is now selling the iPhone 5 in Spain, so today we wanted to conduct a thorough analysis of it so you know you are getting after disbursing the nearly 700 € which will cost the new Apple smartphone. Some say that the iPhone 5 is a sign that Apple has lost its commitment to innovation. Others say that Apple has kept its sign of identity and is a further evolution of the change cycle of Apple products. The question is, where is the iPhone 5 in this line of evolution? Is it a boring and uninspired product at the end of the line upgrade to be carried Apple will try desperately to "think differently", or is an incredibly great product made to delight customers, inspire developers and, once more, to reign in the industry?

The previous iPhone

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Many of the features found in the iPhone 5 can also be found in the previous generation iPhone. In the picture you can see a comparison chart of all iPhone models released to date.

iPhone 5: Technology

No more sandwich chemically treated glass and stainless steel iPhone 4 and 4S. Instead the iPhone 5 features a unibody aluminum leather accented with glass, which houses the new connector Lightning, 4G LTE connection, a monstrous A6 processor and, for the first time, new In-Cell panels.

iPhone 5: Design

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The iPhone 5 does not offer a radically new, but the way is about the only thing that is not totally new this year. Measuring 123.8 mm high, 58.6 mm wide and 7.6 mm deep, the iPhone 5 is higher than the iPhone 4S, but no wider. Addition is 18% thinner and 20% lighter. It's so light and thin that it almost feels fake, like one of those models that have in the mobile stores. Almost. Apple says it is both bigger and smaller, which is both more and less. And that's absolutely true. In fact, it takes a moment to adjust our sensory paradox, because the total volume of the iPhone 5 is 12% smaller than its predecessor.

With a chassis carved from a 6000 series anodized aluminum, tempered glass Gorilla Glass for the screen and glass ceramic inlays or pigmented in the back, the iPhone 5 has been compared favorably with yet absurdly accuracy luxury watches. While it is true that, to believe it, just watch the manufacturing process .

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The iPhone 5 is still available in only two colors, but this year the two main colors is joined by two different tones in the back. We have it in black and slate, and also in black and silver. The black is black Darth Vader, on a dark surface with little light could disappear from view. White is white Storm Trooper, if encrusted crystals give a brighter appearance than ever. While dull black anodized aluminum in black and slate iPhone 5 is more unique, more monolithic, it is possible that noticeable scrapes and scratches more than the bare aluminum and silver white model. However, are not immune to the phenomena.

Unfortunately there is no Wolverine has adamantium in his bones, so you have to keep in mind that if you want to be preserved as the first day must be looked after. The iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S had the back made of glass, which was likely to break with a much stronger impact. The iPhone 3GS and iPhone 3G had the plastic back, which was susceptible to cracking at the edges. IPods have had and have the back of stainless steel, which has always been susceptible to scratches and wear from normal use. To keep the iPhone 5 in perfect condition, like everyone else, it's best to use some kind of guard or sheath.

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Returning to form, yes, the iPhone 5 has the same flat rectangle with rounded edges like the iPhone 4 and 4S. This is done on purpose. It may seem like a boring way or lack of imagination on the part of the designers of Apple, but Apple has not thrown a lot. They do not want to create a fashion phone. They want to make an iPhone. An iPhone that looks like an iPhone, in the same way that a Lamborghini Lamborghini looks like a MacBook Pro and a MacBook Pro looks like a shape of any high-end product looks and plays that brand.

Apple designed this way to the iPhone in 2005 and has been working relentlessly towards him since. This year they have come closer than ever to the design of 2005, reaching a record level of thinness and lightness, a screen that dominates the front as never before and a rear where they have gotten back to aluminum, although glass still persists in the top and bottom.

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In this sense, the jump from iPhone 4 to iPhone 5 is not less important, ambitious or impressive than the jump that took Apple from MacBook Pro MacBook Pro unibody original 2008. In both cases the idea was not to do something that seems something radically different, but to make something that would work better dramatically. This is how it should be. This is all that has to be a great design. And if there's one thing that stands out to Apple in modern industry, are their great designs.

The real question is, once Apple is fully aware of this vision of the iPhone, once they have come as close to it as the improvement of the technology allows it, what will they do now?.

iPhone 5: The 16:9 screen

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With 4-inch, 16:9 aspect ratio, resolution 1136 × 640, and In-Cell panels with a density of 326 dpi, the screen is the most obvious feature of the new iPhone 5. So far, every iPhone has had a screen with a 3:2 aspect ratio. The original iPhone, iPhone 3G and iPhone 3GS had a 3.5 inch screen, resolution 480 × 320 and 163 ppi density. With the iPhone 4 in 2010, Apple switched to the Retina display. They remained 3.5 inch 3:2 aspect ratio, but the resolution was 960 × 640 and a density of 326 ppi. This made the pixel practically disappear.

With the iPhone 5, and for the first time, Apple has changed not only the size of the screen, also the aspect ratio. They have made the higher screen but no wider, larger, but less dense. The Retina display was an impressive leap in quality. The 16:9 screen is a jump on the amount of what you see on screen.

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The reason for changing the screen size probably the competition, at least in part. A percentage of the market had chosen only by the largest Android device screen. When changing to a larger screen, Apple has increased its target audience, and now people can choose an iPhone with a larger screen. At the same time, Apple wants to maximize content and minimize distractions as bezels and casing. With 4G LTE support and a new slimmer design, Apple could reduce the proportion of the screen and cabinet to remain in the 3.5 inch. They could move to a bigger screen, and they did going at 4 inches.

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So why a 4-inch screen and 16:9 aspect ratio, and not some bigger and wider?. Probably because Apple did not want to reduce the pixel density Retina display, while preventing the ease of use with a single hand or sacrificing to carry the iPhone in your pocket.

Personally I would have liked to see a prototype of Apple with 4-inch 3:2 aspect ratio. It would give something of pixel density, remaining at a resolution of 960 × 640 but reduced to a density of 288 dpi, and it will not increase the amount of information you can see on the screen, as it has the resolution 1136 × 640. However, you will have seen everything bigger, including the text, and will have maintained the compatibility of all applications.

For some, any changes on the original 3.5-inch is a mistake. For others, it would have been better to make an iPhone screen of 4.5 inches or more. Apple tends to ignore the ends and aims squarely at the dominant center. This year the 4-inch 16:9 ratio was the first commitment that Apple was willing to do, and the best in your opinion.

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In addition to the display of the highest iPhone 5, Apple has also made thinner. It has used in-cell panels. With that Apple has managed to combine the tactile sensors with LCD panels, turning what were once two layers into one layer is 0.5 mm thinner. These 0.5 mm may not seem like much but when you consider that the iPhone 5 has a total thickness of 7.6 mm, is an important fact.

The iPhone 5 continues to use an LCD display with LED backlight, but even more bright and beautiful. IPS is maintained so that the viewing angle is still huge, but in-cell panels make the iPhone 5 will look even better. If the iPhone 4 and the iPhone 4S seemed that the images were painted under the glass, the iPhone 5 seems that these images are painted directly on it. Again, it looks so good that it almost looks fake, like a printed label instead of a screen.

It also makes the iPhone 5 is easier to use on a sunny day. It is not unusual, even with the brightness at the highest level, but better than previous generations. To this we must add a color range 44% greater, so are blacker blacks, richer colors and vivid images all from the application interface to the photographs or videos. It is impressive, even compared to already amazing screen of the iPhone 4S.

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Use 4 inches and a 16:9 aspect ratio is a compromise, a compromise that avoids turning the iPhone into a small tablet, a commitment to avoid the loss of density and usability, values ​​much Apple has always respected. Retina Display In-Cell panels could well be the best display screen of the mobile market.

iPhone 5: A6 Processor Performance

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Apple says that the iPhone 5 is twice as fast as the iPhone 4S, which sounds pretty impressive. Apple does not usually speak GHz or RAM when it comes to iOS devices. Prefer to speak of improvements over previous models and prioritize the experience on the specifications. But the experience lead specifications. They are the engine of the car. They are the science behind the art.

In this case, the Apple A6 SoC is the first custom processor iOS platform. Earlier versions of Apple Series A, A4, A5 and A5X, used existing designs of processors like the ARM Cortex A9. This year, instead of staying back with the Cortex A9 or switching to the new Cortex A15, Apple has developed its own. Acquired V7S ARM instruction set and developed some things themselves, such as CPU 32 nm CMOS dual core bearing from 800 MHz to 1.2 GHz Similarly, instead of using the dual core chip PowerVR SGX543MP2 for the GPU as the iPhone 4S or the giant quad core PowerVR SGX543MP4 we see in the iPad 3, Apple has been using a 3-core PowerVR SGX543MP3. All this is topped with 1 GB of RAM.

Storage is the only thing that has remained the same, there is no bigger or faster (maintaining the versions 16, 32 and 64 GB). But everything moves faster on the iPhone 5 with the new A6. The truth is that we did not think that Apple could opt for developing a custom CPU so soon, but clearly are investing heavily in the architecture and chipset is paying off. Among the ARM Cortex A9 and A15, and between two and four chips PowerVR cores, Apple has managed to find the best balance between performance and battery consumption. This has succeeded doing it by hand, something almost unheard of these days, which demonstrates the seriousness with which Apple takes every bit and every atom of your iPhone design.

Let's talk numbers. Geekbench and Sunspider performance metrics are not scientific and are not the best indicators of the real world. There is simply no way to explain the differences in architectures and optimizations across platforms. Similarly, HTML5test measures only Safari browser compatibility with iOS 6 standard, and also did not specify whether you are using the iPhone 5 or not. However, for those who love numbers, here are the results:

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However, the real-world performance is much more important than the test. How long does the iPhone 5 to start, or launch applications or games, access a website or give the location? This is what really matters to people.

In this sense, both the iPhone 4 and the iPad 3 bear the burden of being the first device of its kind to have Retina Display, so the performance is somewhat affected. How that already "paid" with the iPhone 4S, the iPhone 5 is already polished and works much faster. It's so fast, especially combined with network connectivity, that technical specifications are not important. Apple has nailed multitouch tracking 1:1 with the original iPhone, but there was some delay at the edges of the operating system. Not anymore. With the iPhone 5 will not have to wait after pressing, just going by.

Apple has tried to make the iPhone 5 twice as fast as the iPhone 4, and have had a brilliant success. The Apple A6 is an absolute beast.

iPhone 5: 4G LTE and WiFi Network

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Apple has significantly improved the wireless network on the iPhone 5. While the 802.11n WiFi has been the choice for some time, the iPhone limited frequency to 2.4 GHz WiFi Thanks to Murata module that includes Broadcom BCM4334 chip, the iPhone 5 can be used both 802.11n 2.4 GHz to 5 GHz since the iPhone 4S has inherited the Bluetooth 4.0, but the iPhone 5 has the ability to use it for direct connections with compatible devices.

What does not make the iPhone 5, as you know, is NFC. NFC is a technology that is used for commercial transactions, checkins fast exchange between devices and some other uses. Apple seems to believe that NFC is the solution, at least for now. There are other technologies that Apple can and is using it for similar purposes, as the mobile option in the Apple Store, but it probably will be a while before Apple believes the market is ready for a massive outflow of NFC technology. Apple is quite conservative when adding new radio technologies. They waited until the second generation iPhone to add PS and 3G, and now 4G LTE just added.

4G LTE has a theoretical maximum of 100 Mbps, ie faster than most home connections that currently exist in the market, at least in Spain. The iPad 3 is first introduced support for such networks. The iPhone 5 add new chipsets and advanced antennas (Qualcomm MDM9615 and RTR8600). Dynamic design also keeps Apple antenna, so it can be changed to provide the best possible connection.

The 4G LTE support for the iPhone 5 is divided into three models, two GSM and one CDMA, in order to meet the different needs of telecommunications companies in the world. According to Apple, the iPhone 5 supports 4G LTE networks as follows:

  • Model A1428: UMTS / HSPA + / DC-HSDPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz) GSM / EDGE (850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz), LTE (AWS, 700b MHz) for AT & T, Rogers / Fido, Bell / Virgin and Telus / Koodo.
  • Model A1429: CDMA EV-DO Rev. A and Rev.B (800, 1900, 2100 MHz), UMTS / HSPA + / DC-HSDPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz) GSM / EDGE (850, 900, 1800 , 1900 MHz), LTE (2100, 1800, 850, 700c, 1900 MHz) for Verizon, Sprint and KDDI.
  • Model A1429 *: UMTS / HSPA + / DC-HSDPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz) GSM / EDGE (850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz), LTE (2100, 1800, 850 MHz) for Deutsche Telekom, EE , Optus / Virgin, Telstra, Softbank, SK Telecom, KT, SmarTone, M1 and SingTel.

4G LTE compatibility is particularly important in the U.S., for Verizon and Sprint. While the iPhone 4S could reach a theoretical speed of 14.4 Mbps on HSPA networks used by AT & T and other GSM operators, customers with iPhone 4 Verizon and Sprint were stuck at 3.1 Mbps Therefore, customers were forced to choose between fast (AT & T), reliable (Verizon) or unlimited (Sprint). Verizon was the first to deploy 4G LTE network in the U.S., so now the iPhone 5 on Verizon has a data transfer speed amazing.

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In tests conducted by the editor iMore on the 4G LTE network with the iPhone 5, the results have been somewhat strange. The iPad 3 has achieved an average speed of 30 Mbps, but the iPhone 5 has made an average of 15 Mbps, however, doing tethering on the iPad or Mac by connecting the iPhone 5, the average is 30 Mbps is possible simply be due to a problem in the terminal or in the company used because other tests samples some users much more normal speeds, closer to the expected results.

Technical details aside, the iPhone 5 on 4G LTE network is fast. It's so fast that you can easily forget that you are not using the WiFi. Therefore, as with the iPad 3, is well that you keep your eyes open for not using all your bandwidth, especially if it conveys a lot of video. In addition this will also help to preserve the life of your battery.

Speaking of the battery, Apple has given priority to the life of the battery using the same radio for all and, taking advantage of any company supports still VOLTE (Voice over LTE), the iPhone 5 can not handle voice and data simultaneously LTE networks, thus saving a radio Apple. This means that if you are using LTE data and enters a voice call, you can continue down the HSPA or GSM data, as long as your company has it. But continuing with the case of Verizon, the company does not offer HSPA or GSM data, so unless you are with WiFi, when a call comes you will no longer receive data completely.

The good news is that the iPhone 5, as well as 4G LTE, also supports DC-HSPA and HSPA +, which I have a theoretical maximum speed of 42 Mbps addition, unlike the first 4G LTE phones that supported the iPhone 5 seems to handle the change from HSPA to LTE 4G very efficiently and quickly.

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To end with the subject of networks of iPhone 5, commenting that, as you know, the new smartphone from Apple passes from the Nanosim microSIM. It is the same chip, but has removed most of the plastic surrounding the card. Most companies of most countries provide these cards, but if you buy an iPhone 5 free with the idea of ​​travel and use local SIM to save roaming, you may find you may have problems, especially in prepaid plans, at least for now ( you can always cut it ).

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In addition to telephone service, with iOS 6, Apple has opened the possibility of using FaceTime over the cellular network. In most companies there are no problems, although some such as AT & T only allowed in certain plans. Anyway, it is a unique feature of the iPhone 5, but if it is true that the 4G LTE network support makes the experience that much better.

For all we know, Apple has not yet fulfilled its promise to release the protocol-based open standards FaceTime as an open standard, so other platforms beyond iOS and OS X can not implement it, so it is not universally useful. If you're in the Apple ecosystem works wonders through the 4G LTE network. Again, you do not even realize you're not in the WiFi network.

iPhone 5: iSight and FaceTime cameras

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On paper, it appears that the back camera of the iPhone 5 has many new features this year. He still has 8 megapixel, back illuminated, hybrid IR filter, 5-elements and f/2.4 aperture, like the camera of the iPhone 4S. And even though the iPhone 5 now has a 16:9 screen, remain still photos in 4:3 and with resolution 3264 × 2448 px. Similarly, the LED flash that looks and works just like last year.

Apple, however, if you have provided a list of improvements in iSight camera. There is a new Low Light mode combines pixels and Apple says it improves performance against the iPhone 4S. Apple also claims that the 5-element lens is aligned with even greater precision for an even greater sharpness. Furthermore, the surface is made of glass iSight sapphire to be more scratch resistant.

The Apple A6 chipset also puts hand here, with an image signal processor again (ISP) that allows spatial noise reduction observed surrounding pixels to detect and eliminate the noise, especially in low light conditions, while at the same time convert large contiguous areas of color. It also acts on the camera, both fast pass through the lock screen of the camera, and within the camera application itself, much faster and increase the shutter speed to take a picture faster than before. Apple says it is 40% faster.

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Most impressive of all is that Apple has done this in a camera that is 25% smaller than the iPhone 4S. A camera lenses do not like the thinness, but human beings like us thinner phones. While other manufacturers have used cameras that stand out a bit of the housing in the back, Apple's commitment was to maintain the same quality of the camera, even increase slightly, but considering that the iPhone 5 is up 18% intestine. A remarkable feat of engineering.

So if it all together, we have the photos are much faster on the iPhone 5. In addition, they look much better on the new screen. HDR photos show a marked improvement. The weakness is, as always, the pictures in low light, although improved, still do not get to have good quality. On the other hand, Apple seems to have fixed the problem with the approach affected the macro shots on the iPhone 4S. Now you can get very close without losing quality.

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If you're looking for a camera phone with highest resolution, the iPhone 5 is not your smartphone. Apple is the top in this regard. Nokia recently grafted a lens of 41 megapixel Symbian camera just to prove I could do it. Similarly, the upcoming Nokia Lumia 920 will use a new version PureView system, including a system of optical image stabilization allows the shutter to stay open longer to make better pictures. Both Nokia and HTC are presenting f/2.0 lens. But the Nokia Lumia 920 has a thickness of 10.7 mm compared to 7.6 mm thickness of the iPhone 5. That's the drawback for someone who values ​​a slim, lightweight phone that can also make great pictures.

While not unique to the iPhone 5, iOS 6 also has a new mode of panoramic photography. The iSight camera of the iPhone 5 can make panoramic photos up to 240 degrees and 28 megapixels with very little effort.

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The FaceTime front camera has been upgraded from 0.3 to 1.2 megapixels, and giving backlighting and face detection.

The iSight camera video remains at 1080p and 30 fps on the iPhone 5 (most likely not see a 4K camera on a mobile device in a while). Unlike photography, however, the video recording is greatly benefits of aspect ratio 16:9. Apple has changed the menu bar in the video mode by a transparent interface that allows you to view the full image.

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Before, if you wanted to capture a photo while were recording video, start and had to press the On / Off at the same time to take a screenshot. Now simply press the button on the camera and take the picture while continuing to record the movie. And with a shutter speed excellent.

However, this method has a "but". And is that the photos taken while recording video will have a resolution of 1920 × 1080 px rather than the normal resolution of 3264 × 2448 px. For most situations, however, this resolution will suffice.

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As is the case with photographs, video recording in low light has improved greatly in the iPhone 5. However, it is still his weak point. The video stabilization, however, has been greatly improved, but still shines minimally at times when the movement is minimal. Face detection has improved to detect 10 faces, now available on the iPhone 4S for still photography only, is now also available for video on the iPhone 5.

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The front camera has had a significant update because Apple has finally added a FaceTime camera for up to 720p resolution, as happened in the Mac a year ago. Works great, especially compared to the deeply mediocre VGA camera precedes him, and now is more than enough to make a video call.

iPhone 5: Audio and EarPods

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When Apple introduced the iPhone 4 added a second microphone on the top. With the iPhone 5 has added a third microphone, located between the iSight camera and LED flash on the upper back. Along with the traditional microphone at the bottom, the three are multifunctional. We now know that both on the phone, a FaceTime call, recording a video or using Siri for dictation, we hear perfectly. It also means that there is a higher probability that one of the microphones are best positioned to cancel the noise. Having three microphones also means that Apple can enable Siri and dictation function words better discern the noises around.

Apple has finally paid some attention to the main speaker on the bottom of the iPhone. The iPhone 5 now has a five-transducer transducer magnets versus two magnets of previous models. Apple says it gives a better frequency response, even though the speaker is now 20% smaller. In our tests, the speaker was louder and a little clearer, but not enough to despeinarte. However, it would be nice if Apple continue improving this speaker, the final analysis is the creator of iTunes and the iPod. If you have a good headset, you need the main speaker was heard clearly.

Earpiece Speaker iPhone 5 now has noise cancellation, so it helps to eliminate ambient sounds and makes the conversation more clean and clear. Apple has also added support for wideband audio (HD Voice) that uses a compression method that best fills the frequency spectrum and gives a more natural sound voices. However the required wideband audio support and compatibility support, and not all companies support it, however, for those that do, not all are compatible with the iPhone. Apple said it had 20 companies ready to launch the wideband audio, including Deutsche Telekom and Orange, but so far there are few to consider this standard. In other words, it's a mess, and we will probably see several generations of iPhone before most of us see a benefit in this feature.

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The 3.5 mm jack for headphones has been moved to the bottom in the iPhone 5, in a similar place to where they have always been in the iPod touch. This is not great news for people who liked to put your iPhone in a database while listening to music or making calls with the headset, but it will be well received by users. Apple, so far, has not yet offered for sale no basis for the iPhone 5.

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The box 5 includes a pair iPhone from Apple EarPods new (also have separately available for 29 $). After three years of development, Apple are trying to improve the ubiquitous but dear little white headphones that were supplied so far with iOS devices. The EarPods come in a suitable package, similar to leading high-end headphones to prevent tangles or damages if the carry in your pocket, purse or bag.

Instead of being uniformly round, the EarPods are asymmetrically and, according to Apple, ergonomically designed to better fit a wider range of ears. However, there is no product that can really perfectly fit every shape and size of each ear. Los auriculares actuales cuesta tenerlos en las orejas más de unos minutos, e incluso hay auriculares de gama alta que también resulta difícil. Los EarPods son mucho mejores que el resto de auriculares, aunque todavía no son perfectos.

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El sonido mejora notablemente con los EarPods, sin embargo, sobre todo se nota en la claridad y los bajos. Una gran parte se debe a su nuevo diseño multi-puerto. El altavoz principal del EarPod dirige el sonido hacia el oído. El puerto de la parte posterior está sintonizado a frecuencias medias y se destina a mejorar la consistencia de la experiencia. Los puertos en el tallo tienen el propósito de mejorar los bajos. Los canales de aire reducen la presión sobre el altavoz para que pueda concentrarse en proporcionar un mayor sonido de baja frecuencia.

Las funciones de control remoto y micrófono se mantienen igual en los EarPods, permitiendo controlar la música y las llamadas telefónicas. El mando a distancia del cable es ahora más grande, sin embargo, así es mucho más fácil de buscar a ciegas y de usar en situaciones de la vida real.

Los nuevos EarPods de Apple no van a reemplazar a esos auriculares de más de 100 euros que te compraste para tu equipo de sonido, y tampoco a los auriculares de gama alta utilizados en algunos puestos de trabajo, pero son un sustituto fantástico para los auriculares generalmente pobres que se incluían hasta ahora.

iPhone 5: El conector Lightning

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Después de casi 10 años, Apple ha decidido retirar oficialmente el conector dock unidireccional de 30 pines y sustituirlo por un nuevo, pequeño, delgado y bidireccional conector dock para la próxima década. Se llama Lightning y es un 80% más pequeño que el anterior, además ofrece 8 señalas totalmente digitales.

Apple no podía usar su conector Thunderbolt porque este necesita una arquitectura PCI. Eso significa que, sí, Lightning no es tan rápido como Thunderbolt. También significa que, mientras que en un lado Lightning es totalmente nuevo, en el otro sigue siendo un USB 2.0.

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Con la llegado de tecnologías como AirPlay, WiFi Sync, AirPrint e iCloud que no necesitan para nada el cable, ¿por qué no eliminar el conector dock del todo?

Porque los cables todavía siguen siendo útiles para mover archivos más grandes más rápidamente y, fundamentalmente, para la carga del dispositivo. A diferencia de Palm, Samsung y Nokia, Apple todavía no ve la carga inalámbrica como una característica viable, e incluso si lo hiciera, pasarían años antes de que se pudiera reemplazar el cable para la carga completamente. Por lo tanto, el cable tiene que quedarse y, en lugar de eliminarlo, Apple ha hecho lo más inteligente.

Como es digital, Lightning puede adaptarse y proveer la señal correcta según el accesorio al que esté conectado, cosa que no puede hacer el viejo conector de 30 pines.

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Para los accesorios existentes, Apple está ofreciendo un adaptador de 30 pines al nuevo Lightning. Para cumplir con la normativa de la Unión Europea, Apple también está ofreciendo un adaptador micro-USB a Lightning. Estos no son compatibles con la salida de vídeo, aunque Apple ya ha dicho que en breve tendrán disponibles adaptadores para HDMI y VGA.

El video analógico y los conectores serie de los televisores más antiguos e instrumentos científicos no creo que estén en la agenda de Apple, sin embargo, y aunque es posible que en un futuro aparezcan, los cambios en las licencias de Apple que coinciden con Lightning podrían hacer más difícil para los pequeños proveedores fabricar cables especializados y accesorios, alentando así el paso a los estándares de vídeo modernos y la conectividad Bluetooth 4.0.

La mayoría de gente sólo conecta el cable para cargar el iPhone, y realmente para esta función Lightning no supone ningún cambio. Pero los que tengan accesorios que valen un dinero si que tendrán la molestia y el gasto de tener que comprar un adaptador. De momento no hay accesorios de peso que tengan el conector Lightning. Es pronto.

Viendo esto podríamos pensar que Apple sólo ha cambiado a Lightning para darnos dolor de cabeza, pero hay una característica nueva que justifica el cambio, conseguir un iPhone más delgado.

iPhone 5: La vida de la batería

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Como todo los dispositivos iOS recientes, el iPhone 5 tiene una batería de litio que puede cargarse a través de USB conectado a la corriente o al ordenador. El tiempo de conversación en 3G es exactamente el mismo que en el iPhone 4S, 8 horas. El tiempo en espera ha incrementado en 25 horas, quedándose ahora en 225 horas. El tiempo de uso con internet ha aumentado 2 horas en 3G y 1 hora en WiFi, estando ahora en 8 y 10 horas respectivamente. El iPhone 5 también tiene una autonomía en LTE de 8 horas. Reproduciendo audio y vídeo siguen siendo 40 y 10 horas respectivamente.

En las pruebas realizadas, los números que proporciona Apple parecen ser más o menos exactos. Dejando el iPhone 5 sin tocar durante un largo periodo de tiempo, por ejemplo por la noche, la descarga de batería ha sido mínima, y con un uso moderado del iPhone 5 la batería ha durado fácilmente un día. Con un uso pesado, como un día en la carretera o en una conferencia, seguramente tendréis que cargarlo más de una vez.

La señal del operador que tengamos también afecta a la batería, aunque parezca mentira. Si la señal de nuestro operador llega fuerte y consistente, la duración de la batería será mayor que si la señal del operador es débil. Cualquier mínimo detalle afecta a la vida útil de la batería.

Debido a todas las notificaciones push, la ubicación y los servicios iCloud en iOS, además de la velocidad de las redes LTE, puedes gastar mucha batería en el iPhone 5. Si has restaurado desde un iPhone anterior, también podrías tener problemas a nivel de sistema que reduzcan la vida útil de la batería. Si se configura como un iPhone nuevo y todavía tenéis problemas, mejor consultar con Apple. En un iPhone 5 que se creó como nuevo y dándole caña en cuanto a aplicaciones, iCloud, ubicación y otros servicios, la vida de la batería ha dado un resultado excelente. No obstante, podéis consulta nuestra guía de como salvar algo de batería .

iPhone 5: La experiencia

El iPhone 5 viene con iOS 6 y sus más de 200 nuevas funciones de cara al cliente, incluyendo los nuevos Mapas, los nuevos conocimientos de Siri, una profunda integración con Facebook, posibilidad de compartir las Fotos en Streaming, Passbook, nuevas funciones para Teléfono, Mail y Safari, FaceTime sobre red móvil, mejoras en la accesibilidad y soporte mejorado para China.

Unlike previous years, where the video recording, FaceTime and Siri were exclusive to the new hardware, almost any of the new features of iOS 6 are exclusive to the iPhone 5.

Pero si queréis tener una visión completa de todo lo que trae el nuevo sistema operativo móvil de Apple , incluyendo todas las características mencionadas, no os podéis perder nuestra sección dedicada a iOS 6 .

iPhone 5: La interfaz

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La principal diferencia de iOS 6 en el iPhone 5 es el cambio en la relación de aspecto de 3:2 a 16:9, y de una resolución de 960×640 a 1136×640. Eso significa que todos los desarrolladores de Apple tienen que adaptar sus aplicaciones con un extra de 176×640.

Para Apple, la relación de aspecto 16:9 permite una fila extra de iconos en la pantalla de inicio y en las carpetas, un elemento adicional en la lista de correo o en la música y un área de visualización más grande en los mapas y FaceTime. Dado que, a diferencia del iPad, el iPhone se basa en una interfaz de una sola columna, la falta de anchura adicional rara vez será un problema en el modo retrato. Curiosamente, Apple no ha centrado verticalmente la carátula del albúm en la pantalla de bloqueo del iPhone. Esperemos que sea un error que solucionen en breve.

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En modo horizontal, el formato 16:9 permite ver mejor el contenido de los vídeos HD, casi todo grabado en este formato. En cuento al modo de grabación de vídeo de la cámara, como hemos comentado, esta nueva relación de aspecto nos permite ver más trozo de lo que estamos grabando, ayudado por la nueva interfaz translucida que ha implementado Apple. En el Calendario ahora podemos visualizar 5 días completos en la vista semana en lugar de 3,3 que se veían hasta ahora. Apple también ha mejorado Safari añadiéndole la vista de pantalla completa que elimina algunos botones innecesarios.

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Lo que Apple no ha hecho, sin embargo, es tomar una ventaja de la pantalla más grande a nivel de sistema. Los Banners todavía se superponen, y las notificaciones aún no presentan una interfaz procesable para una rápida respuesta a un texto o para ajustar una alarma. Y no hay ninguna fila extra de números en el teclado virtual, algo que hubiera venido muy bien. Apple ha utilizado estos 176×640 píxeles extra simplemente para agregar más contenido, no para añadir más funcionalidad.

Veremos si Apple se inventa algo más interesante para aprovechar este espacio en las futuras versiones de iOS.

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Para las aplicaciones de terceros de la App Store, los desarrolladores tienen que añadir soporte para la pantalla 16:9 y señalarlo incluyendo un archivo PNG especial en su aplicación. Muchos desarrolladores ya han actualizado sus aplicaciones. La mayoría de los diseños son list-based (UITableView) o grid-based (UICollectView) o usan el nuevo método flexible (AutoLayout) que permite el posicionamiento relativo independientemente del tamaño de la pantalla. Esto es importante, ya que todavía hay que apoyar la relación de aspecto 3:2 de los dispositivos más “antiguos” que todavía están a la venta. Del mismo modo, los juegos que utilizan OpenGL pueden ejecutarse en 16:9, pero todavía podrían tener elementos de la interfaz que requieran una modificación para hacerlo correctamente.

Las aplicaciones o juegos que tengan muchos gráficos personalizados tendrán que crearse de nuevo y rehacerse de una manera que les permita llenar la pantalla correctamente, independientemente de la pantalla que tengan que llenar. Esto llevará tiempo. Hasta entonces, Apple ha decidido utilizar un formato letter-box centrando la imagen y llenando el espacio vacía de negro. En el nuevo iPhone negro y pizarra, es casi invisible. En el blanco y plata, es más visible.

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Un problema mayor son las superposiciones del sistema. En las aplicaciones con formato letter-box, la barra de estado y el teclado todavía salen adaptados a la aplicación, no al teléfono. Así que la barra de estado es menor de lo que cabría esperar de un vistazo, y el teclado, más alto. Es incómodo y toma algún tiempo acostumbrarse.

A diferencia de las aplicaciones de Apple, algunas aplicaciones de la App Store ofrecen diferentes interfaces en pantalla de 16:9. Según el código, algunas aplicaciones universales soportan tanto el iPhone como el iPod touch y tienen una interfaz específica para el iPad, con densidad estándar o Retina (2X) , una de las últimas cosas que necesitan es tener que meter otra interfaz diferente. Otras aplicaciones simplemente revelan áreas adicionales de contenido, así en el formato 16:9 añadirán contenido que no se verá en formato 3:2.

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No hay duda de que vamos a ver mucho más de los desarrolladores y diseñadores cuando hayan tenido más tiempo para trabajar en el nuevo hardware.

iPhone 5: Apple Retail y iCloud

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Esto podría parecer una extraña combinación para una sección crítica, pero si alguna vez has tenido un problema con el iPhone sabrás que tiene sentido. Cuando compras un iPhone 5 de Apple Retail te ayudan a elegirlo, ponerlo en marcha y te enseñan a usarlo. Y si tienes algún problema con él te ayudan a solucionarlo.

Si comparáis esto con los dispositivos que no son de Apple, donde los problemas se dejan a merced de los representantes de soporte de servicio al cliente que, incluso estando dispuestos a ayudarte, suelen tener que enviar el dispositivo a algún sitio lejano, en un proceso que puede tardar varios días, semanas o incluso meses. Y cuando llegue el reemplazo, mientras que algunos datos pueden volver a sincronizarse de formar inalámbrica o por cable, a menudo no es un proceso fácil ni completo.

Si tu iPhone 5 tiene un arañazo, golpe o algo parecido cuando lo compres, vuelve a la tienda y explícales el problema. De inmediato recibirás un nuevo iPhone para sustituir al que tiene el problema. Luego entraréis en vuestra cuenta iCloud y todo el contenido quedará automáticamente restuarado, con exactamente lo mismo que teníais bit a bit. Un nuevo teléfono, pero exactamente vuestro teléfono.

Poco o ninguno de los competidores de Apple pueden ofrecer este servicio.

iPhone 5: Aplicaciones y compatibilidad de accesorios

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El iPhone 5 es compatible con las cientos de miles de aplicaciones para iPhone que hay en la App Store, aunque no todas ellas hayan sido actualizadas para soportar la nueva pantalla con relación de aspecto 16:9.

El iPhone 5 no es compatible con las fundas de modelos anteriores por razones obvias de tamaño físico. Algunas fundas tipo saco o bolsa podrían encajar, pero la mayoría no lo hará.

El iPhone 5 podría ser compatible con algunos accesorios con conector dock de 30 pines, incluyendo soportes y equipos de música, siempre utilizando el adaptador de 30 pines a Lightning que proporcione las señales correctas y se pueda conectar correctamente. Cualquier cosa que utilice salida de vídeo compuesto o vídeo por componentes no será compatible, aunque Apple dice que los adaptadores HDMI y VGA están de camino.

Los auriculares son compatibles, y todos los accesorios que funcionen por Bluetooth también deberían ser compatibles, aunque hemos recibido algunos informes que indican bugs en algunos sistemas de manos libres de automóviles, fallos que quizás con una actualización de software podrían quedar solucionados.

iPhone 5: Precio y disponibilidad

Los precios del iPhone 5 en España serán los siguiente:

  • iPhone 5 de 16 GB – 679€
  • iPhone 5 de 32 GB – 789€
  • iPhone 5 de 64 GB – 899€

En cuanto a la disponibilidad, Apple prometió disponibilidad en 100 países y en 240 compañías.

  • Ya disponible en: EE.UU, Australia, Canada, Francia, Alemania, Hong Kong, Japón, Singapur y el Reino Unido.
  • Disponible a partir de mañana : Austria, Bélgica, República Checa, Dinamarca, Estonia, Finlandia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Liechtenstein, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Holanda, Nueva Zelanda, Noruega, Polonia, Portugal, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, España , Suecia y Suiza.

iPhone 5: Guía de compradores

Si no te gusta nada iOS o el iPhone, no hay nada nuevo en el iPhone 5 que te haga cambiar de opinión.

Si estabas interesado en iOS y en el iPhone, pero te faltaba una pantalla más grande o LTE, ahora ya lo tienes. Lo más probable es que te guste, si es que no te enamoras directamente. Sigue siendo el teléfono predeterminado que recomendamos, lógicamente.

Si ya tienes un iPhone 4 o anterior, el iPhone 5 es una excelente actualización. Es todo lo que te gusta de tu actual iPhone, sólo que mucho mejor.

Si actualmente tienes un iPhone 4S, a menos que realmente quieras la pantalla más grande y la disponibilidad de la conexión LTE, hay pocas razones para actualizar. El iPhone 4S todavía es un gran dispositivo y con iOS 6 podrás hacer casi todo lo que hace el iPhone 5.

iPhone 5: El resultado final

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El peligro de centrarse excesivamente en algo es que se pierde la vista de la periferia. La clave es ser fijo, pero no obsesionado. Puede ser una línea fina y Apple parece estar siempre al borde de esa línea. Algunos dicen de Apple que está atrapado por los diseños e ideas del pasado, obsesionado con la estética y comprometidos con el interés propio, en guerra con los socios y ajenos a los dolores de los usuarios y la presión de la competencia. Otros dicen que Apple es mejor que cualquier otra compañía en el mundo en la determinación de qué es exactamente lo que quiere el mercado, retorciendo los límites de la fabricación y la tecnología para hacer que el futuro se manifieste ahora, revolucionando la evolución de forma incansable y, aunque les cueste socios y, a veces, clientes, a corto plazo.

Quizás tenga un poco de las dos. Un día Apple llegará al final de esta línea iPhone y tendrán que volver a imaginar o reemplazar el iPhone de la manera que tienen los iPod. Pero eso no será ni hoy ni con este iPhone.

Más largo, más delgado, más rápido, más ligero, más brillante, el iPhone 5 representa nada más y nada menos que la última iteración implacable del ideal platónico que tiene Apple de un smartphone desde hace casi una década. Rediseñado en todos los sentidos pero comprometidos fielmente con la forma original, el iPhone 5 es, una vez más, el mejor iPhone que Apple ha hecho nunca, y uno de los mejores teléfono que jamás se han hecho.

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